Elliptical Sentence:Pengertian, Rumus, Contoh Kalimat Dalam Bahasa Inggris

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Elliptical Sentence : Pengertian, Rumus, Contoh Kalimat Dalam Bahasa Inggris

 

Elliptical Sentence Pengertian, Rumus, Contoh Kalimat Dalam Bahasa Inggris

 

Dikutip Dari BUKU : MEGA BANK OF GRAMMAR

 

KALIMAT ELIPSIS (ELLIPTICAL SENTENCE)

Elliptical Sentence adalah gabungan dua kalimat yang berbeda subyeknya tetapi predikatnya sama, dan digunakan untuk menghindari pengulangan kata. Tujuan dari dibentuknya kalimat elips yaitu untuk menyampaikan pernyataan secara sederhana dan sekaligus menghindari pengulangan unsur kalimat yang sama.

Kalimat elipsis terbagi menjadi dua, yaitu kalimat elipsis untuk kalimat gabungan setara yang menggunakan kata sambung “and” dan kalimat gabungan setara berlawaan yang menggunakan kata sambung “but“.

a. Kalimat elipsis dalam kalimat gabungan setara

Kalimat gabungan ini terbagi menjadi dua, yaitu kalimat gabungan setara positif dan kalimat setara negatif.

Rumus:

Subject 1 + Auxiliary + Verb + and + so + auxiliary + subject 2

Atau

Subject 1 + Auxiliary + Verb + and + Subject 2 + Auxiliary + too

Contoh Kalimat :

  • I will start working at the publishing company tomorrow. (Rina will start working at the publishing company tomorrow)

Kalimat gabungan

I will start working at the publishing company tomorrow, and so will Rina. Atau I Will start working at the publishing company tomorrow, and Rina will too.

Catatan:

Jika kalimat gabungan tersebut tidak menggunakan auxiliary, maka rumus yang digunakan adalah:

Subject 1 + Verb + and + so + do/does/did + Subject 2

Atau

Subject 1 + Verb + and + Subject 2 + d/does/did + too

Contoh Kalimat :

  •  My mother gave me beautiful clothes as my birthday present. (My auntgave me beautiful clothes as my birthday present)

Kalimat gabungan

My mother gave me beautiful clothes as my birthday present, and so did my aunt.

Atau

My mother gave me beautiful clothes as my birthday present, and my aunt did too.


b. Kalimat Elipsis dalam kalimat gabungan setara negatif

Rumus:

Subject 1 + auxiliary not + Verb + and + neither + auxiliary+Subject 2

Atau

Subject 1 + auxiliary not + Verb + and + Subject 2 + Auxiliary not +Either

Contoh:

I am not going to go shopping by myself.

My mother is not going to go shopping by herself.

Kalimat gabungan

1 am not going to go shopping by myself and neiter is my mother.

Atau

I am not going to go shopping by myself, and my mother is not either.

Rumus:

Subject 1 + don’t/doesn’t/didn’t + Verb + and + Neither + do/does/did/ + Subject

Atau

Subject 1 + don’t/doesn’t/didn’t + Verb + and + Subject 2 + don’t/doesn’t/didn’t + Either

Contoh Kalimat :

Sinta didn’t come to my birthday party.

Mike didn’t come to my birthday party

 

Kalimat gabungan

Sinta didn’t come to my birthday party, and neither did Mike

Atau

Sinta didn’t come to my birthday party, and Mike didn’t either.


c. Kalimat elipsis dalam kalimat gabungan setara berlawanan

Rumus:

Subject 1 + auxiliary + verb + but + subject 2 + auxiliary not + verb

Atau

Subject 1+ auxiliary’ not + verb + but + subject 2 + auxiliary + verb

Contoh:

Rini is working in the private company.

Sinta is not working in the private company.

Kalimat gabungan

Rini is working in the private company but Sinta is not.

Catatan:

Selain menggunakan kata “but”, kata “while” atau “whereas” juga digunakan dalam kalimat gabungan setara berlawanan.

Rumus

Subject 1 + verb + but/while/whereas + subject 2 + do/does/don’t/doesn’t/did/didn’t

Contoh:

My brother plays tennis every weekend.

My sister doesn’t play tennis every weekend.

Kalimat gabungan

My brother plays tennis every weekend whereas my sister doesn’t.


Semoga Bermanfaat Pembaca Setia SBI 🙂

 

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